About Dr. Mayur Pai

What Should You Know About Laparoscopic Surgery for Infertility?

March 17, 2020


Laparoscopic surgery for infertility is a surgical procedure in which a laparoscope is inserted into the belly button through the minor incision. This is done so that the surgeons could assess the pelvic reproductive organs and cavity in the pelvic region. This procedure is generally performed under general anesthesia and takes between 30 and 45 minutes. In this article we will be discussing about this procedure and Laparoscopic Surgery cost for infertility.

How Does Laparoscopic Surgery Work?

Before the main procedure, the abdomen is inflated by injecting carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide in order to create space between the organs and the abdomen wall, thereby facilitating better visibility.

Subsequently, a laparoscope is inserted into the body through small incisions. The surgeon will then assess the pelvic cavity on the display screen that is transmitting images from the laparoscope. Following are the causes that surgeons may look for in this examination –

  • Scarred tissues
  • Abnormalities in uterus and ovaries
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Fibroid tumors
  • Endometriosis

When is Laparoscopic Surgery Used to Treat Infertility?

Laparoscopy surgery for infertility is only performed if other fertility tests have failed to provide a clear diagnosis. So, laparoscopic surgery is performed on patients with unexplained infertility. This procedure assists in obtaining biopsy for suspected cysts and growths that may adversely affect fertility.

The procedure is generally recommended to women who frequently experience pelvic pain, which is a prominent symptom of endometriosis. Laparoscopy can also take out the scar tissue that can also contribute to pelvic or abdominal pain.

In case the doctors detect an ectopic pregnancy, the surgeon will treat the abnormal pregnancy. And in case the fallopian tubes are blocked, then it may be opened, granted that it is detected timely. After the treatment, you may be able to get pregnant naturally.

The laparoscopic surgery cost for infertility varies based on the state you live in and the facility you choose to get the procedure from.

Risk Factor Associated with Laparoscopy

Similar to any other surgical procedure, there are certain risk factors in laparoscopy as well. However, only 1-1% who undergo laparoscopy surgical procedure for diagnosing or treating infertility deal with any complications. Some of the risk factors of this procedure include –

  • Skin irritation
  • Infection
  • Allergic reaction
  • Blood clots
  • Nerve damage
  • Formation of hematomas and adhesions

In certain rare cases, a laparoscope may result in injury to the pelvic organ or abdominal. While injury can occur in any patient, it is more common in women who have previously undergone pelvic adhesions, abdominal surgery or are obese.

If injuries during the exam occur, a bigger incision is used to rectify the damaged organ. This would require the patient to remain in the hospital until recovered.

Certain severe causes of infertility can only be diagnosed through a laparoscopy. This procedure allows the surgeons not only to examine the inside of your abdomen but also to detect any unusual growth or cysts. If diagnosed at the right time, laparoscopic surgery can help in treating the cause of infertility, improving your chances of getting pregnant.